Venom A-Z Y is for Yarara

Venom A-Z Y is for Yarará – a South American name for the pit viper Bothrops jararaca.  Highly feared within its range, it utilises a venom with primarily haemolytic effects, however research on this venom led to the development of the first ACE (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme) inhibitor, Captopril.  Its venom is also utilised as a source of the enzyme haemocoagulase, and like many venoms has much promising research on the horizon, including further investigation into its antitumour effects.